YEMEN - BANI AL AREEF | Carbonic Maceration


Unroasted raw green coffee beans

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Owner: Mocha Mill
Farm: Bani Al Areef
Location: Harazi
Varietal: Jaadi
Process: Carbonic Maceration
Altitude: 1700-2100 masl
Cup Score: 87.25
Cup profile: Blood orange, black tea with dried red fruits, cinnamon and caramel 


These coffees have been sourced through Mocha Mill one of the first specialty coffee exporters in Yemen. Mocha Mill embarked on its journey into Specialty coffee in Yemen in 2014 when they decided to do a feasibility studies in producing and exporting specialty coffee. They were able to get coffees out to the USA in the first season to be cupped and graded to help them understand the quality they had. Unfortunately, at this time the country broke out into civil war in 2014 but this did not stop them continuing their journey and over the years has led them to establish supply chains in 6 different regions in Yemen. Within this time, they have also built a dry mill in 2017 in Samat where they also have invested in a colour sorter as well and state of the art milling equipment and building warehouses for drying experimental coffees. In 2021 they have produced and exported in total about 10 containers of 80 + Specialty coffee around the World to Japan, Australia, Middle East, UK And Europe.

Mocha Mill have focused on working with farmers throughout Yemen making them the focus of their work. They have been educating them on best agricultural practices to improve the yield and quality of the coffee produced from their trees. A key part of their strategy is to empower the farmers and especially the women as they make up about 75% of the farmers in Yemen. They work with full transparency with their farmers to build long lasting relationships. The farmers are paid on delivery of the cherry to the buying point in each of the regions that Mocha Mill have established. This incorporates striving to implement the highest coffee quality control standards, specifications and protocols to improve the lives of all Yemenis involved in the coffee supply chain.

Traditionally farmers in Yemen they work on small plots from 60 – 70 trees to 400 – 500 trees. The variety mainly is Jaadi /Udhini which is a large tree known for its good production. On average famers will produce around 1500kg of cherry which equates to about 3 bags of 60kg exportable coffee. Across all the farmers the average price paid for cherry was $2.47/kg of cherry for those who work with Mocha Mill. Famers mainly earn income from coffee but some also grow Qat (Khat) which as a strong legal internal market within Yemen. It is also chewed daily by 90% of the population. As part of their focus they are placing sustainability at the center of their business practises. Yemen is a country facing drought and water shortages. Mocha Mill are implementing innovative irrigation and dry processing techniques to address water scarcity and reduce impact on the communities and their access to such a precious source. All the coffees once stable are then taken to the Mocha Mill warehouse in Sana’a where they are stored in ecotact and then cupped and assorted according to quality. From here they are then milled, colour sorted and then hand-picked before being bagged in 30kgs in preparation for export.

Bani Al - Areef

More than twenty thousand coffee trees planted in the village of Beni Al-Areef, west of Haraz, It is owned by twenty farmers who cultivate coffee as a main source of income for the village which is about 16 km from the center of Manakhah District.Coffee is cultivated on the agricultural terraces that reach an altitude of 1700 M above sea level.The exact history of coffee cultivation in the village of Beni Al-Areef is unknown, but the cultivation of coffee in Haraz was known about 400 years ago, as farmers still inherit its cultivation and harvesting it in the same traditional way, while no modern machines for cultivation, irrigation or harvesting have reached the village of Beni Al-Areef.

Carbonic Maceration process

The fermentation process is carried out using carbon soaking in sealed tanks, equipped with tubes to extract the air from the tanks then, carbon dioxide is pumped into the tanks, where the coffee remains for a period ranging from two to five days, depending on the pH level (4) after which, the coffee beans are dried in the sun for two to three days, depending on the temperature of the sun. Thus, the slow drying phase begins in the shade for a period of up to 40 days, during which , the coffee beans are stirred regularly while monitoring and recording the humidity levels.